The authors suggest the reflection on the relations between museums, collections, specialists and politics. They point out the museums as depositaries of the Collective Memory that would be indissocivel object of the language that same it represents. Veem the language as something that if constructs and if reconstructs the all moment; it is a process, as well as the museum. That museum of the antiquity, the muses, already associated with the knowledge and the power. These give place to the museums that are consequence of the economic events, social and politicians of century XVIII. The museums are related there the consolidation of the National States.
Of the British Museum (1753)? the first museum I publish, even so this public it belongs the supplied layers of the society, reflects, with the spreading of its collections, already it is part of the happened changes in such a way of the effect of the Industrial Revolution, the urbanization and also of the expansion of the educational system. The Louvre that opens doors for it I publish in general? consequence of the rules of the French Revolution. In Brazil, the National Museum (1812) also comes to represent and to legitimize the National State. Benedict Anderson, another citation, describes the nations as communities you would imagine. In its conception, all bigger grouping that a village, if develops as imaginary.
In the modern age the individuals are more independent, with ampler trajectories of life, pass if to also feel in imaginary collective the amplest one. It points despite the unification of the language and the convergence of the capitalism and the technology of the press are essential elements of the modern nation. The religion of the place to other forms of being able, that they explain the world for the optics of the reason. Science is essential in this context, to not only deal with the origin the species but also to command the historical events.